LITERATURE REVIEW CONCERNING CIVILIAN, PUBLIC AND PROFESSIONAL METHODS ON PREPARATION FOR AN ACTIVE ELDERLY
Literature review concerning civilian, public and professional methods on preparation for an active elderly
Older age does not mean drastic worthening of quality of life and health status, especially if people and the community are prepared for it.
The methods drawn up in the title were divided into larger fields due to their multidimensional character. The important and practically significant research directions, interventions, good practices were summarized for each field together with the related literary background.
Improvement of info-communicational knowledge of the elderly people can lead to development in the application of telemedicine associated equipments (e.g. skype to help home aid), in decreasing isolation, using social media, helping family integrity, learning in older age, getting familiar with the info-communicational technologies.
Improving the role of social work can help in caring of persons with mental handicap, problem solving and conflict managing capacity of individuals, establishing work-life balance, improving work associated competencies and different therapies (occupational therapy, music therapy, common singing, psychotherapy, animal aided therapies).
Volunteering in older age may mean taking greater role in everyday life of the community, helping same aged people (online volunteer ship), doing tradition keeping activities, transferring knowledge among same aged.
Adjusting physical activity and alimentation in older age considers body mass index, body composition, age dependent changes of nourishment and mobility, active, health preserving methods of spending leisure time, setting meals a community experience.
On the fields of preserving cognitive abilities and coping with stress there are several developmental, preventive and/or rehabilitation programs: e.g. special trainings, re-socialisation for mentally handicapped persons, preventive interventions against dementia (plays).
Pecs, 17 October 2017